Shortenings edit A shortening is an abbreviation formed by removing at least the last letter of a word (e.g. A common rule of thumb regarding.e. Or Ltd Limited liability company (or partnership) LLC (LLP) Public limited company plc or PLC Manufacturing Mfg. An unambiguous acronym can be linked as-is, but an ambiguous acronym should be linked to its expansion. Videlicet that is to say' / 'namely It should be linked on first use. An exception of sorts is Washington, DC (also often written "Washington DC which has conventionally been called that, for clarity reasons, since long before postal codes were invented. Or Rd South. (However, legal case names are themselves italicised, like book titles, including the "v." or "v".) viz. Versions of non-acronym abbreviations that do not end in full points (periods) are more common in British than North American English and are always c abbreviations that compress a word while retaining its first and last letters (i.e., contractions: Dr,. Ship names edit Main page: Wikipedia:Naming conventions (ships) Ship name prefixes like HMS and USS should not be written out in full.
Or Maj Captain Capt. Or TSgt Staff sergeant SSgt. Maintaining a consistent abbreviation style will allow Wikipedia to be read, written, edited, and navigated more easily by readers and editors alike. These are not all well-supported in Western fonts. Revised It should only be used in references.
Contractions such as aren't should not be used in Wikipedia, except in"d material; use the full wording (e.g., are not) instead. Or Lt Master sergeant MSgt. The style should always be consistent within a page. Per the guideline on titles of people, prefix titles such as Mr, Dr, and Prof. BBC British Broadcasting Corporation BC before Christ Should not be written out in full in dates and does not need to be linked. Word(s) Abbreviation Places Avenue Ave. Or S (use only in street addresses, coordinates, and other special contexts, not in usual text) South East or Southeast.E. Or Pubg University Univ.,., or Uni. If it is necessary to abbreviate in small spaces ( infoboxes, navboxes and tables use widely recognised abbreviations.
Or Hwy (the term is not generally used outside of North America) Motorway Mwy (the term is not generally used in North America) Mountain Mtn. Literal, or literal translation It should be linked (usually to Literal translation, unless some other meaning is meant) on first use, unless abbr is used to explain. ) Military ranks General Gen. Or SSgt Sergeant Sgt. The abbreviations are preferred over United States and United Kingdom, for brevity. If it is found that a particular subject is overwhelmingly denoted by an unambiguous acronym, the article title on that subject can be expressed as the acronym and a disambiguation page can be used for the other subjects.
In sports, it is "vs." or "vs depending on dialect. Abbreviations widely used in Wikipedia edit Wikipedia has found it both practical and efficient to use the following abbreviations in tight quarters such as citations, tables, and lists. And arr., which will display a mouse-over tooltip expanding the abbreviation. Approximately It should only be used in small spaces. If there is an article about the subject of an acronym (e.g. FM frequency modulation hdmi high-definition multimedia interface HIV human immunodeficiency virus.e. DVD digital versatile disc (or digital video disc) Should not be written out in full and should not be linked to its expansion.
Miscellaneous shortenings edit Shortening Expansion Notes approx. In the case of an acronym containing full points between letters, it should also have a full point after the final letter. For partial acronyms formed using the now-rare convention of including whole short words in them, do not blindly "normalise" them to typical current style, but write each as found in the majority of modern reliable sources. ) Monsignor Mons., Msgr., or Msgr Registered nurse RN Reverend Rev. (Yorkshire) should not be used to stand in for the full names in normal text. If in doubt, consult some major dictionaries (not Wiktionary ) and follow their lead. Acronym Expansion Notes AD anno Domini in the year of our Lord Should not be written out in full in dates and does not need to be linked. Publications Pub., Pubs., Pubs Publishing Pubg. See, for example, " ajar which disambiguates between " African Journal of aids Research " and " Australian Journal of Agricultural Research ".
As a general rule, use a full point after a shortening that only exists in writing (e.g. A To save space in small spaces (see Use sourceable abbreviations acronyms do not need to be written out in full. The word and its abbreviations should not be italicised, since they have long been assimilated into the English language. Contractions edit Further information: Wikipedia:List of English contractions A contraction is an abbreviation of one or more words that has some or all of the middle letters removed but retains the first and final letters (e.g. Wikipedia does not use USA, except in proper names and in standardized codes (e.g. Or Cpl Private Pvt.
Company It should only be used in the names of companies (like: "PLC "LLC "Inc. Do not use. Exceptions edit Countries and multinational unions edit For these commonly-referred-to entities, the full name does not need to be written out in full on first use, nor provided on first use in parentheses after the full name if written out. Spacing : The letters of acronyms should not be spaced. Laser light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation n/a or N/A not applicable Should not be written.a.,.A., NA. The expansions of Latin abbreviations should still be italicised (preferably automatically via the lang.
In text the unitalicised abbreviation. In general, a full form is as acceptable as a shortened form, but there are exceptions.g. Terminology edit An initialism is usually formed from some or all of the initial letters of words in a phrase. For more guidance on the capitalisation of acronyms, see Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Capital letters#Acronyms. Acronyms as disambiguators edit Main page: Wikipedia:Manual of Style US and.S. Schweiz, ebenso Studenten aus Zrich, Genf, Basel, Bern, Lausanne, Winterthur, Luzern, Lugano, Biel / Bienne, Thun, Knig, La Chaux-de-Fonds, Freiburg, Schaffhausen, Neuenburg, Vernier, Uster, Sion, Lancy, Emmen, Rapperswil-Jona, Kriens, Yverdon-les-Bains, Zug, Montreux, Dbendorf, Dietikon, Frauenfeld, Baar oder Wetzikon nehmen Lektorate von uns in Anspruch. For featuring has becoming common in modern music, and may appear in song or album credits, or in actual song titles, depending on the specific work. Remember that Wikipedia does not have the same space constraints as paper. The Manual of Style on abbreviations, above, eschews the use of the dots in acronyms and initialisms. Emphasis : Do not apply special style, such as small caps, to acronyms.
B A useful test to determine what an abbreviation usually refers to can be done by checking Acronym Finder or m and finding the relative usage. In law, the usage is "v." or "v depending on jurisdiction. Herein, the term acronym applies collectively to initialisms. Or E (use only in street addresses, coordinates, and other special contexts, not in usual text) Freeway Fwy. It should not be written PM.M. They lived near Courtyard., not They lived near Courtyard.). Floruit flourished It should be linked on first use.